le savoir; Knowledge, le savoir-faire; know-how, l’être; being, and le savoir-être; interpersonal skills.
Le savoir; Knowledge matches to the intellectual knowledge. Research in education relating to knowledge aims to find the educational means enabling learners to acquire knowledge: observation, reading, writing, mathematics, knowledge of Man and the Environment, and meta-knowledge.
le savoir-faire; Know-how links to the practical skills, to mastery through experience of carrying out a craft, artistic, domestic or intellectual activity. These skills are acquired by practicing an activity and by learning motor automatism. Educational research relating to know-how aims to find and apply the educational means enabling learners to acquire practical and / or intellectual skills and abilities.
l’être; Being relates to the biological, physical and psychic state of an individual. Educational research relating to the existence of being aims to find the pedagogical means allowing, in educational situations, to promote and reach the state of being optimal: state of health, well-being, motivation, confidence and satisfaction of natural and psychic needs (joy, pleasure, “freedom”, “perception”, recognition, security, justice, integrity, authenticity, capacity, intimacy, diversity, comfort, creativity, affection, etc).
le savoir-être; Social skills correspond to the ability to produce actions and reactions adapted to human society and the environment. This ability is acquired in part through knowledge of specific knowledge and skills. The concept of interpersonal skills is sometimes challenged because it would involve a modification of the essence and character of the individual.